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Laser proctology

(laser treatment for piles/hemorrhoids, fistula, fissures)

Piles (hemorrhoids) are swollen veins that may occur inside or outside your anal region. Piles occur in the lowermost part of the anus and can cause considerable pain and discomfort. When the blood vessels of the anal region get enlarged, it leads to stretching of the skin and pain. Piles that can be felt bulging out near the anal opening are termed external hemorrhoids. Now you can easily undergo piles surgery in Rajahmundry at our hospital



Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids usually depend on the type of hemorrhoid.

External hemorrhoids

These are under the skin around your anus. Signs and symptoms might include:

  • Itching or irritation in your anal region

  • Pain or discomfort

  • Swelling around your anus

  • Bleeding

Internal hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids lie inside the rectum. You usually can't see or feel them, and they rarely cause discomfort. But straining or irritation when passing stool can cause:

  • Painless bleeding during bowel movements. You might notice small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.

  • Hemorrhoid to push through the anal opening (prolapsed or protruding hemorrhoid), resulting in pain and irritation.

Thrombosed hemorrhoids

If blood pools in external hemorrhoid and forms a clot (thrombus), it can result in:

  • Severe pain

  • Swelling

  • Inflammation

  • A hard lump near your anus

Piles Consequences and Risks

  • Anemia: If timely piles treatment is not done, it can lead to anemia because the lack of healthy red blood cells will limit the oxygen supply to your cells.

  • Bowel Movements: If the condition of piles is not addressed it can lead to discomfort during bowel movements.

  • Infection: If you are suffering from piles, get a piles surgery done quickly because poor hygiene in the area will increase the chances of infection.

  • Gangrene: When the blood supply to internal hemorrhoids is cut off it can lead to gangrene

  • Blood Clot: When piles treatment is delayed it can in rare cases also lead to blood clots which can be extremely painful and might need further operative procedures to drain the blood.


  • The doctor diagnoses Piles based on the symptoms and physical examination.

  • In the digital rectal examination, the doctor will check the rectum to feel for swollen veins.

  • In Anoscopy the doctor uses an endoscope to view the lining of the anus and rectum.

When to see a Doctor

  • If you have bleeding during bowel movements or you have hemorrhoids that don't improve after a week of home care, talk to our doctors.

Piles surgeries

surgeries can be of two types :

  • Open surgery which is painful

  • Laser surgery is a safe and painless procedure

Our hospital has equipped the experts and laser technology for painless piles treatment including hemorrhoids laser procedure and  DG-HAL - Doppler guided Hemorrhoidal artery ligation


The term fissure here refers to an anal fissure, which is a painful condition affecting the anus region of the body. An anal fissure refers to a cut or a thin tear in the tissue that lines the inner part of the anus. A fissure is similar to a crack and it can even cause muscle around the anus to get exposed.

Anal fissures are very painful and they can affect people of all ages (from infants to the elderly). Surgery is the best fissure treatment and the procedure is simple.


Anal Fissure consequences and risks

  • Inability to Heal: An anal fissure that has not healed even after eight weeks will become chronic leading to multiple anal fissures and inevitably require fissure treatment 

  • Tear that Affects Surrounding Muscles: Anal fissures can often extend and affect the muscles responsible for keeping the anus closed making the healing process quite complicated and painful. 

  • Recurrence: If a fissure treatment is left unaddressed for self-healing, the chances of recurrence become high.


  • Pain in the anus region

  • Painful bowel movement

  • Passage of blood with stool

  • Visible crack on the skin

  • Skin tag near the anus

  • Burning sensation

  • Discharge from anus


A doctor will conduct a diagnosis before suggesting an appropriate fissure treatment. The diagnosis of the fissure is first conducted by the doctor through an external visual examination of the anus. The doctor may also recommend certain diagnostic tests like anoscopy, colonoscopy, or sigmoidoscopy. All of these methods image the internal part of the anus or the intestines to determine the fissuring.


An anal fistula is a small tunnel that connects an abscess, an infected cavity in the anus, to an opening on the skin around the anus.

The anus is the external opening through which feces are expelled from the body. Just inside the anus are a number of small glands that make mucus. Occasionally, these glands get clogged and can become infected, leading to an abscess. About half of these abscesses may develop into a fistula.



The signs and symptoms of an anal fistula include:

  • Frequent anal abscesses

  • Pain and swelling around the anus

  • Bloody or foul-smelling drainage (pus) from an opening around the anus. The pain may decrease after the fistula drains.

  • Irritation of the skin around the anus from drainage

  • Pain with bowel movements

  • Bleeding

  • Fever, chills, and a general feeling of fatigue

In the case of a more complex fistula, the surgeon may suggest

  • A fistulotomy, or

  • An advancement flap procedure (the fistula is covered with a flap, or piece of tissue, taken from the rectum, like a trap door), or

  • A lift procedure (the skin above the fistula is opened up, the sphincter muscles are spread, and the fistula is tied off).

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